86100-srilanka.jpgSri Lanka, an Island in the Indian Ocean is located to the South of the Indian Subcontinent. The country is astonishingly varied. A length of 445 km and breadth of 225 km encompass beautiful tropical beaches, verdant vegetation, ancient monuments and a thousand delights to please all tastes. The relief features of the Island consist of a mountainous mass somewhat South of the centre, with height exceeding 2,500 meters, surrounded by broad plains. Palm fringed beaches surround the Island and the sea temperature rarely falls below 27°C.

In the lowlands the climate is typically tropical with an average temperature of 27°C in Colombo. In the higher elevations it can be quite cool with temperatures going down to 16°C at an altitude of nearly 2,000 metres above sea level. Bright, sunny warm days are the rule and are common even during the height of the monsoon - climatically Sri Lanka has no off season. The South West monsoon brings rain mainly from May to July to the Western, Southern and Central regions of the island, while the North-East monsoon rains occur in the Northern and Eastern regions in December and January.

Although Sri Lanka is a multi-religious Country, Buddhists constitute the majority of the population. Other religious groups are Hindus, Muslims and Christians. Sri Lanka's literacy rate is one of the highest in Asia.

Sri Lanka is mainly an agricultural Country. The chief crop is Rice with which the Country is almost self-sufficient. Tea, Rubber and Coconut are also important agricultural crops, with Tea being a major foreign exchange earner. In addition, other crops of importance are Cocoa and Spices such as Cinnamon, Cardamom, Nutmeg, Pepper and Cloves. Fruits and Vegetables, native to both tropical and temperate regions, grow well in Sri Lanka.

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